Fade Support For Simple Questions
Practice Yes With Do You Want: : : : : : :
At Home Speech Therapy Activity For Teaching Yes Or No Questions: Snack Time Choices
A variety of snack options, some preferred and some not . Ideally small amounts of about 6 snack items.
Pro tip: It can be fun to offer small amounts of various items in a muffin tin, instead of a plate for a new variation.
Offer your child their snack with just a small amount of 1 preferred item. They will likely want more soon, so be ready with other snacks prepared and ready to grab. I recommend at least 6 options to work through, but you can definitely do this activity with less.
What to do:
Read your childs cues for when they are wanting more snack/still hungry. Then offer 1 item with consistent phrasing of Do you want ____?
If they say yes, offer them a small amount of that item.
If they say no, acknowledge that and offer a small amount of something else.
If they dont answer at all, ask again. If they still dont answer, model what you think their answer is, and offer accordingly or move on.
You are offering a smaller than typical portion to give more opportunities to communicate about their preferences. If you offer a full portion of goldfish crackers at first, then you only get to ask about goldfish crackers once. But if you just give them a few, then you can ask if they want more a few times, meaning you asked with repetition about 4 times.
What to say:
You want to use a consistent phrase at first, such as Do you want ____? or want more _____?
Do you want apples?
Do you want peppers?
Oh, you want more goldfish crackers?
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Practice No With Do You Want: : : : : : : :
Use Simple Yes/no Question Forms
When your child is learning something new, it is helpful to start with a simple structure, and then add variety as they are successful. Start your yes/no question practice with a simple question about something you know your child is interested in and has a preference for. For example, you might start your practice offering food or toy items that you know your child loves and asking a simple question like Do you want _______? while holding out the item. Youll offer lots of support when you first start practice so that your child expresses the answer right away. Check out the guide at the end of this post for examples of how to integrate support following your question to ensure an accurate response each time.
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Types Of Yes/no Questions
When I see or write a goal for working on yes/no questions, I ask, is this a yes/no question regarding a request or yes/no to information. These are very different skills. A child may be able to emphatically say YES, they want a cookie or NO, they dont want peas, but what if you ask them a yes/no question regarding information. Is this a cookie yummy? Can the child answer an informational question with a yes or no?
Asking Yes And No Questions
Answering yes and no questions is an important speech therapy task, but dont forget about asking yes and no questions!
Asking a yes or no question is actually really easy. Watch, Ill do it with one word:
Now you can tell me yes you want cookies, or no you dont want cookies
Lets talk about what made that question a question though. Written down, I used a question mark. Spoken out loud, I would use a rising intonation.
With that in mind, now think about our kids who use AAC devices. If they are only communicating with single words, there is no way to communicate the difference between Cookies! and Cookies?
Kent-Walsh, Binger, and Buchanan suggest that teaching inverted questions is a valuable way to teach AAC users both sentence structure and question asking . Teaching simple question structures helps AAC users be able to actively direct conversation and actions, rather than just passively respond.
The key is that these kids need structured instruction in order to learn and maintain these sentence types.
Similarly, my yes or no question prompts represent simple questions that can be asked from one peer to another. Work on sentence building while asking AND answering functional questions!
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Why Learn Yes/no Questions
Yes/No questions are a common concern for parents, educators, and speech therapists. This is because once the child can answer yes and no questions, you will be able to get more information and communicate easily with him.
Children that are not equipped with enough speech to communicate their basic needs and wants suffer from deep frustration and this makes them and their families and environment miserable. Teaching your child, yes and no question is an important milestone in the life of children with autism, speech delay, or special needs in general. It helps drastically improve the quality of life of these children and the level of their speech and communication skills.
This is why speech therapists and ABA therapists and other professionals work long hours to teach children to answer yes and no questions.
The 80 flashcards included in the activity offer many opportunities for your child to learn to answer yes and no questions. These flashcards were designed with incremental difficulty to make learning yes and no questions easy and reduce frustration during the learning process.
Make It A Fun And Silly Game
Ask concrete questions using real objects, making it fun and silly! Begin by modeling the game: grab an apple and ask, is this a shoe?Nooooooooo! Is this a bird? Nooooooo! Is this an apple? YES!. If you have fun modeling this game and laughing along, your child will be engaged and want to participate. After modeling the game a few times, see if your child will begin answering the silly yes/no questions independently. At first, your child may need some help, but practice makes perfect.
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Why Are Yes And No Questions Important In Speech Therapy
Yes or No questions are commonly targeted during speech therapy sessions. This is because once an individual possesses the ability to appropriately respond to yes or no questions, it is possible to communicate with the child in more complex ways. The ability to respond and express preference or disagreement is essential when it comes to reducing the frustration that is caused by the childs inability to express their wants, thoughts, feelings, and needs.
In some cases, Speech and Language pathologists may target yes or no questions regarding general knowledge. Personal questions, however, are often a much more meaningful way to connect and elicit a response. When the therapist asks the individual about themselves, it in turn gives the individual a powerful voice and the opportunity to talk about things that interests and is important to them. Communicating personal preferences can be highly motivating, empowering, and a great functional opportunity to express themselves. Getting started with speech therapy is as simple as scheduling your free introductory call today!
Speech Therapy Goals Objectives
I know every district has different ways it requires their objectives to be written, but typically my district wanted us to reduce either the number required or the percentage of achievement.
Here are a few examples to help get you started.
If we take a sample goal:
Given a story, activity, or classroom discussion, STUDENT will answer 10 yes or no questions with 80% accuracy over 3 out of 4 consecutive sessions.
- Reduced Number or Trials Required: The objective might be, Given a story, activity, or classroom discussion, STUDENT will answer 5 yes or no questions with 80% accuracy over 3 out of 4 consecutive sessions.
- Reduce Percentage of Accuracy: The objective might be, Given a story, activity, or classroom discussion, STUDENT will answer 10 yes or no questions with 70% accuracy over 3 out of 4 consecutive sessions.
- Reduce Difficulty of Task: The objective might be, Given a story, activity, or classroom discussion, STUDENT will answer 5 yes or no questions by pointing to the correct pictures with 80% accuracy over 3 out of 4 consecutive sessions.
- Reduce Number of Sessions of Accuracy: The objective might be, Given a story, activity, or classroom discussion, STUDENT will answer 10 yes or no questions with 80% accuracy over 2 out of 4 consecutive sessions.
As speech therapists, you are the specialist and you know your students best though, so just take the goals and simplify them into achievable steps for your specific student.
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Start With Yes Then Move To No
When you want to teach yes no questions to kids with autism, or really any kiddo, its important to practice when you already know your childs likely answer to the question. Kids are more engaged when they are calm and motivated, so starting with practice on questions that you know your child would answer yes to is a great first step.
Stick with a simple question type as we discussed above and use a visual signal to represent yes as you practice. Once you are seeing some momentum with your child answering yes with little or no support, start working on questions that you know your child would say no to. Just as with yes, offer visual support and use simple questions at first-you can switch it up after your child gets the hang of these simple practice moments. See more information on how this looks in action at the end of this post.
What Are Good Yes And No Questions
The best yes and no questions for speech therapy are:
One of the best things about using yes and no questions during speech therapy is that these activities allow the therapist to build upon previously attained skills, becoming more complex and challenging as therapy progresses. It is important to make sure that each step is mastered before moving on to the next step. This can mean taking lots of time on each step and repeating the questions/activity until it has been mastered.
Show the child an item that they are fond of, such as a beloved toy or delicious snack. Then ask the child, Do you want this? If the child demonstrates that they do want the object model the word yes for the child to repeat. You can encourage the child to nod their head or say the word yes. As the child improves at this activity, you can try nodding your head instead of saying the word, yes to prompt them.
Once you have moved through the above activity and the child is consistently able to answer yes, you should move on to working on their ability to respond no. Try engaging in a fun activity with the child, such as blowing bubbles. Then offer them something completely uninteresting, such as a scrunched-up tissue. Ask them Do you want the tissue? then model no just as you did in the previous exercise. Try saying no, no paper and then switch back to the enjoyable activity Do you want to blow bubbles?
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Ability Yes/no Questions: Can This Or Does This
In this type of yes and no question, the child is asked if the object or the person on the flashcard has the ability to perform a task.
You can, for instance, ask the child:
- Can you eat with your eyelashes?
- Can pandas walk on one foot?
- Can your tongue reach your eyes?
- Can you cook fish on a stove?
- Can you clean your hair with a broom?
- Can you stretch a wall?
- Can you grow hair on a window?
- Can you ride a car without a steering wheel?
- Can you walk to school with your eyes closed?
- Can the sidewalk catch a cold?
- Can you make juice with a mixer?
- Can you slide on the trampoline?
- Does the vacuum cleaner make things hot?
- Do you chew juice?
- Do clowns help you learn?
- Do little chicks get fed by their mother?
- Does a lemon have more juice than a peach?
- Do bathrooms need to be cleaned?
- Do snails move fast?
- Do cats play with toys?
- Does milk go bad if it isnt refrigerated?
- Do we go to the doctor when we are sick?
Keep On Teaching Through Feedback
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Yes No Questions Speech Therapy Autism Worksheets For Nonverbal Students
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So How Do We Teach Children To Respond To Yes/no