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Ged Language Arts Study Guide

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Identify And Create Arguments

GED Reasoning Through Language Arts Study Guide

Main Idea and Details

  • You need to understand the main idea and details in what you read and be able to summarize them or make inferences about them.
  • You need to know how to make inferences about the main idea and details.
  • You need to understand how the details support the authors purpose, ideas, or point of view.
  • In a story, you need to know how to find the theme and support for the theme.

  • You need to know how to make generalizations, hypotheses, or conclusions based on one or more ideas or pieces of evidence in what you read.
  • You need to know how to apply or extend what you read.

Arguments and Evidence

  • You need to know the parts of an authors argument and how they work together.
  • You need to identify whether a claim is supported by evidence and identify specific evidence that the author gives.
  • You need to know whether the author gives enough good evidence to support a claim, including identifying fallacies or problems with the writers logic.
  • You need to evaluate data, charts, graphs, or images and whether they support an authors ideas.


  • You need to compare two arguments on the same topic or two similar ideas or themes in different genres or formats.

Eliminate Obviously Wrong Answers

When youve read the question carefully and look at the answers, try to eliminate the answer options that you know are definitely wrong. This way, you can concentrate on a smaller pool of answers to choose from.

If an answer obviously does not refer to whats being asked, you know that answer cannot be correct. Make sure that the answer option you choose is matching the questions context clues. If an answer has absolutes such as never, must, or always, those options are generally incorrect, so start with eliminating those answers as they usually are not correct.

Use More Formal Language

It often happens that test-takers slide into a sort of language use that theyre used to when speaking to or texting with their friends. When writing your essay, make sure to avoid the use of slang or abbreviations.

Your score on the essay part is based on how well you use English language conventions. Its all about grammar, word choice, and sentence structure. Your essay writing must have a formal tone.

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How Many Questions Can You Miss On The Language Arts Test

As said earlier, there are around 46 to 53 questions on the GED Language Arts Test covering three main categories: Reading, Writing, and Grammar.

The number of questions that you must answer correctly to attain a passing score will depend on your essay score. The higher your essay score, the fewer correct answers you require, and to compensate for a low essay score, youll have to answer more questions correctly. In general, though, we can say that you need to have between 32 and 42 questions correctly to pass the GED RLA test.

This guide and Language Arts lessons are a part of our free Online GED Classes module and are based on Onsego GED Prep.

Try A Sample Question

Pin on GED Study Guide

This question requires you to comprehend Anne’s request and to make an inference about her character based on this understanding. You need to engage in thought processes to look beyond what is directly stated in the excerpt.

Read the excerpt, and answer the question that follows.

Excerpt from Anne of Green Gables

1 Marilla came briskly forward as Matthew opened the door. But when her eyes fell on the odd little figure in the stiff, ugly dress, with the long braids of red hair and the eager, luminous eyes, she stopped short in amazement.

2 “Matthew Cuthbert, who’s that?” she exclaimed. “Where is the boy?”

3 “There wasn’t any boy,” said Matthew wretchedly. “There was only her.”

4 He nodded at the child, remembering that he had never even asked her name.

5 “No boy! But there must have been a boy,” insisted Marilla. “We sent word to Mrs. Spencer to bring a boy.”

6 “Well, she didn’t. She brought her. I asked the stationmaster. And I had to bring her home. She couldn’t be left there, no matter where the mistake had come in.”

7 “Well, this is a pretty piece of business!” exclaimed Marilla.

8 During this dialogue the child had remained silent, her eyes roving from one to the other, all the animation fading out of her face. Suddenly she seemed to grasp the full meaning of what had been said. Dropping her precious carpetbag she sprang forward a step and clasped her hands.

11 “Well, well, there’s no need to cry so about it.”

15 The child hesitated for a moment.

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Extended Response Question On The Ged Reasoning Through Language Arts Test

  • Preview the writing prompt.
  • Read the selection or selections, carefully using the highlighter tool to draw attention to information for later use.
  • Compose a thesis statement.
  • Gather evidence from the text to support your thesis statement.
  • Plan your response .
  • Draft your response .
  • Review your response to improve your writing and correct any errors with the editing toolscut, copy, paste, undo, and redo.

Make Time And Space To Study

Make a study space thats organized and has everything you need. Schedule a regular time to study every day and stick to it!

  • Study a little every day before you go to sleep. What you learn will stick with you better!
  • Stick with studying. Keep a tracker and mark off every day that you study. After a whole week, give yourself a reward!

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How Can I Gain A High Score On My Ged Essay

  • Make an outline before writing to organize your thoughts
  • Put topic sentences at the beginning of the paragraph. This will help to separate your ideas and keep your argument organized.
  • Use logical transitions words/ phrases to naturally connect two paragraphs.
  • Utilize correct spelling and proper grammar
  • Utilize various sentence structures and incorporate suitable, advanced vocabulary.

What To Expect On The Ged Language Arts Reading Test

GED Language Arts Study Guide

The GED Language Arts Reading Test is regarded as a multiple choice test that measures your ability to read, understand, and interpret different reading passages.

You will be evaluated and scored based on the following features:

  • Comprehension: It involves your ability to identify basic meaning and purpose in the passage.
  • Application: It refers to your ability to take concepts from the passage and use them in a different context.
  • Analysis: It is associated with your ability to break down specific parts of the passage and draw conclusions.
  • Synthesis: It refers to your ability to use information from different parts of the passage to make points on tone, point of view, or purpose.

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Read As Much As Possible

An effective way to obtain knowledge for the GED Language Arts exam is reading. The Internet and books are great sources to read. Reading a lot can help to expand your understanding and gain more vocabulary and grammar tips. You are recommended to read a variety of books such as history, fiction, non-fiction or even grammar books.

While taking the GED Language Arts test, you should read the passages carefully since the answer is in the text. Becoming an analytical reader can make you excel in this section.

What To Expect On The Ged Language Arts Test

The GED Reading Test is about 80% of the test and consists of:

  • 35% Reading for Meaning
  • What order do things happen in?
  • What inferences can you make about what you read?
  • What are the relationships between ideas, people, or events?
  • What are the details, and why are they important?
  • Whats the authors point of view or purpose?
  • How does the writer use words and phrases?
  • What is the structure of the text, and why is it organized that way?
  • How do two passages compare?
  • 45% Identifying and Creating Arguments
  • What are the details and evidence?
  • Whats the main idea?
  • What inferences or conclusions can you make about what the author is saying?
  • How are details used to support the main idea?
  • How good is the evidence or support for an idea?
  • How do two arguments compare?
  • The other 20% of the test is writing!
  • The passages are 25% literary texts and 75% informational texts.
  • Theyre between 400 and 900 words.
  • They cover science, social studies, work texts, and stories.
  • There are 6 to 8 questions about each passage.
  • The GED Writing Test is about 20% of the language arts test and consists of:

    • Grammar and Language
    • Can you edit to fix commonly confused words?
    • Can you fix problems with word usage, like the wrong verb form or the wrong pronoun?
    • Can you fix confusing language or make the language clearer?
    • Can you fix capitalization?
    • Can you fix run-on sentences, fragments, or connecting words?
    • Can you use apostrophes correctly?
    • Can you use punctuation correctly?
  • One Essay Question
  • Read two passages.
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    Always Use Process Of Elimination

    Trying to guess the 1 correct answer out of 4 is not an ideal way. Instead, it is advisable to analyze each answer choice and determine which answers can be obviously wrong, then narrow it down more and more until one choice is left. By doing that, you will be more likely to select the correct answer.

    How Should I Practice For The Ged

    GED Reasoning through Language Arts Practice Test

    Practice makes perfect. Take as many practice GED practice tests as possible:

    • Address all the questions you get wrong in your study sessions
    • Tackle one section of the exam at a time
    • Take GED practice tests with self-imposed time limits

    There are many benefits of preparing for your GED exam with free practice tests, and studying for your GED test using sample questions is one of the most effective study practices you can use. The advantages of using sample GED practice tests include:

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    How Many Questions Do I Need To Answer Correctly To Pass The Ged Language Arts

    The GED Language Test is 150 minutes long and has about 53 questions from 3 main categories: Grammar, Reading, and Writing.

    On the GED Language Art test, you will be required to write an essay. The score of the Language Arts test accounts for 20% of the entire one. The test comprises questions from three categories: Reading , Writing and Grammar .

    If the essay section is your strength and you can earn the maximum score, you need to answer 32 questions correctly. If you get zero point in your essay, you need to answer 42 questions correctly.

    All Ged Language Arts Resources

    On the 2014 version of the GED, the Reading and Writing sections are now integrated into a single Reasoning Through Language Arts test. This section of the GED assesses test-takers abilities to read closely, write clearly, and edit according to the rules of standard written English. While the language component tests grammar and mechanics, the reading component measures test-takers abilities to read, comprehend, and interpret passages from various sources, including literature, reviews, and work-related documents. Additionally, there is a writing component, which combines writing and reading, asking test-takers to produce an analysis which draws from a text or texts provided they are given one or more passages and asked to write cohesively about them.

    The Language Arts test is 150 minutes long in total, split into three parts, and includes a ten-minute break. The first section is 35 minutes long and tests reading, writing, and language content, and the second section is the extended response, or essay component section, and lasts for 45 minutes. After the break, the last section is given, which, like the first section, tests reading, writing, and language, but lasts for 60 minutes. Throughout the exam, test-takers are given passages to read and questions to answer about them: 75% of these passages are informationalor non-fiction drawn from science, social studies, and business. The remaining 25% of passages are taken from literature.

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    Answer Easy Questions First

    Dont waste time on questions that you dont know the correct answers to. Instead of wasting time on these questions, you should skip them and move ahead to deal with questions that you know clearly their correct answers. After finishing all questions which are easy to you, you can go back to answer questions you skipped. Maybe other questions will offer you hints and boost your confidence to select the correct answers.

    Ged Essay Or Extended Response

    HiSET Reading / GED Language Arts 2022 – Pass the Test!
    • Find out whats expected on the extended response. A good study program should help you practice with extended response questions.
    • Youll read two different points of view about a topic that make an argument and use evidence.
    • Youll compare the two points of view. Which one has better evidence? Which one is better supported?
  • Youll use details from the reading in your written response.
  • Learn about arguments, so you can compare two arguments and their evidence.
  • Learn about essay structure, so you can write an essay with a beginning, middle, and end.
  • Practice writing extended responses with GED-type essay questions.
  • Make sure you write 300 words or more, with a beginning, middle, and end!
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    Answer All Of The Questions

    On the GED exam, there are no penalties for guessing or wrong answers. So be sure to answer each and every question, even when you dont know the answer or when you need to guess.

    When you need to guess, you will probably be able to eliminate one or two answer options straight away, the obviously incorrect options. When youre left with just two remaining options, your chances of picking the right answer look much better, right?

    Online Ged Reading And Writing Classes

    Are you looking for easy online classes to help you get ready fast? GED Academy provides a quick and easy way to get prepared. GED Academy has three language arts courses:

    • The GED Reading course is filled with lessons that help you read and understand GED-style passages and answer the kinds of questions youll find on the GED exam.
    • The GED Language lessons teach you all the grammar and language youll need to know for the language questions.
    • The GED Writing course prepares you to write the GED essay. Youll take easy-to-understand writing lessons and write practice GED essays. Youll learn everything you need to know in a quick and easy course.

    Everyone starts out their GED prep at a different level. GED Academy finds out what you need to know and then gives you the exact lessons that you need to prepare. Our online GED language arts prep course can take as little as three or four weeks. With directed learning, you can be ready to take your GED language arts test right away.

    Try studying an hour every night. With short, easy lessons, you can move forward through the GED Academy course quickly. After about 15 or 20 hours of language arts study, you could be ready for the test. Some people need a little more or a little less study, but no matter what your level, GED Academy has the right lessons for you.

    Are you ready to get started? Take a look at how GED Academy works.

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    Do Not Jump To Conclusions

    There are questions on the GED test that require some pretty careful analysis. At first glance, some wrong answers will appear to be correct at a first casual glance.

    Very often, writers of the GED test will put a misleading answer first so youll be tempted to choose that answer. Please be careful not to fall into this sort of trap! It is important to first recognize the main idea in a complex piece of reading. Once you manage that, finding the correct answer will become easier.

    Sometimes, youll find more than just one right answer. If thats the case, make sure you will choose the best answer option based on what the question asks, not on your assumption.

    Simulate The Test Conditions By Taking Practice Tests

    Dont skip language arts when reviewing for the exam. You may have ...

    One of the best ways to ace the GED Language Arts test is taking practice tests. Taking practice tests can help you get acclimatized with the test format, time durations and gives you a clear idea of what you could be asked on the test day. Additionally, you can learn from mistakes from practice tests, then you can avoid them on the actual test.

    Our website and app, GED Practice Test offer you opportunities to practice thousands of test-like practice questions FREE. Lets start your journey of conquering the GED certificate with us!

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  • Important Words To Remember

  • Inferences: a reasoning or conclusion you can come to based on the details of the text.Example. What inferences can you make about the character through her actions?i. This question is asking you to make a decision about the characters personality based on her actions.
  • Hypothesis: a prediction, or guess about what will happen.Example. After reading the story what hypothesis can you make about the fate of the character?i. This question is asking you to guess what will happen next to the character.
  • Generalizations: broad ideas or assumptions that can be made about the characters, environment, and/or happenings in the text.Example. Which of the following is a generalization you can make about the community in the story?i. This question is asking you to make an assumption about the community based on the details the author has provided.
  • Figurative language: Words that are not literally used. An author might do this to create an imagine for the reader that the actual meaning cannot create.Example. Which of the following is an example of figurative language from the text?i. This question is asking you to look for an example of figurative language. You should look at the text and decide which example creates a meaning different than its actual definition.
  • Metaphor: a comparison between two unlike objects.
  • Life is a journey. Enjoy the Ride. Nissan
  • Before I met my husband, Id never fallen in love. Id stepped in it a few times. Rita Rudner
  • Life is a zoo.
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